Resting coronary flow varies with normal cardiac catheter laboratory stimuli

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Abstract

Background Growing evidence supports physiology-guided revascularization, with Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) the most commonly used invasive measure of coronary blood flow impairment at the time of diagnostic angiography. Recently, there has been growing interest in stenosis severity indices measured at rest, such as Instantaneous Wave Free Ratio (iFR) and the ratio of distal coronary to aortic pressure at rest (resting Pd/Pa). Their reliability may, theoretically, be more susceptible to changes in microvascular tone and coronary flow. This study aimed to assess variability of resting coronary flow with normal catheter laboratory stimuli. Methods Simultaneous intracoronary pressure (Pd) and Doppler Average Peak Flow Velocity (APV) recordings were made at rest and following the verbal warning preceding an intravenous adenosine infusion. Results: 72 patients undergoing elective angiography were recruited (mean age 62 years, 52.7% male) with a wide range of coronary artery disease severity (FFR 0.86 ± 0.09). Average peak flow velocity varied significantly between measurements at rest and just prior to commencement of adenosine, with a mean variation of 10.2% (17.82 ± 9.41 cm/s vs. 19.63 ± 10.44 cm/s, p 
Original languageEnglish
JournalCardiovascular Revascularization Medicine
Early online date15 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Fractional flow reserve
  • Instantaneous wave-free ratio

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