RetroSnake: A modular pipeline to detect human endogenous retroviruses in genome sequencing data

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Abstract

Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) integrated into the human genome as a result of ancient exogenous infections and currently comprise ∼8% of our genome. The members of the most recently acquired HERV family, HERV-Ks, still retain the potential to produce viral molecules and have been linked to a wide range of diseases including cancer and neurodegeneration. Although a range of tools for HERV detection in NGS data exist, most of them lack wet lab validation and they do not cover all steps of the analysis. Here, we describe RetroSnake, an end-to-end, modular, computationally efficient, and customizable pipeline for the discovery of HERVs in short-read NGS data. RetroSnake is based on an extensively wet-lab validated protocol, it covers all steps of the analysis from raw data to the generation of annotated results presented as an interactive html file, and it is easy to use by life scientists without substantial computational training.

Availability and implementation: The Pipeline and an extensive documentation are available on GitHub.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105289
JournaliScience
Volume25
Issue number11
Early online date29 Oct 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Nov 2022

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