Risk Prediction of Cognitive Decline after Stroke

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Abstract

Background and purpose: Cognitive decline is one of the major outcomes after stroke. We have developed and evaluated a risk predictive tool of post-stroke cognitive decline and assessed its clinical utility. Methods: In this population-based cohort, 4,783 patients with first-ever stroke from the South London Stroke Register (1995-2010) were included in developing the model. Cognitive impairment was measured using the Mini Mental State Examination (cut off 24/30) and the Abbreviated Mental Test (cut off 8/10) at 3-months and yearly thereafter. A penalised mixed-effects linear model was developed and temporal-validated in a new cohort consisted of 1,718 stroke register participants recruited from (2011-2018). Prediction errors on discrimination and calibration were assessed. The clinical utility of the model was evaluated using prognostic accuracy measurements and decision curve analysis. Results: The overall predictive model showed good accuracy, with root mean squared error of 0.12 and R2 of 73%. Good prognostic accuracy for predicting severe cognitive decline was observed AUC: (88%, 95% CI [85-90]), (89.6%, 95% CI [86-92]), (87%, 95% CI [85-91]) at 3 months, one and 5 years respectively. Average predicted recovery patterns were analysed by age, stroke subtype, Glasgow-coma scale, and left-stroke and showed variability. Decision: curve analysis showed an increased clinical benefit, particularly at threshold probabilities of above 15% for predictive risk of cognitive impairment. Conclusions: The derived prognostic model seems to accurately screen the risk of post-stroke cognitive decline. Such prediction could support the development of more tailored management evaluations and identify groups for further study and future trials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105849
Pages (from-to)105849
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

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