Ristretto MRE: A generalized multi-shot GRE-MRE sequence

Christian Guenthner*, Sweta Sethi, Marian Troelstra, Ayse Sila Dokumaci, Ralph Sinkus, Sebastian Kozerke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


In order to acquire consistent k-space data in MR elastography, a fixed temporal relationship between the MRI sequence and the underlying period of the wave needs to be ensured. To this end, conventional GRE-MRE enforces synchronization through repeated triggering of the transducer and forcing the sequence repetition time to be equal to an integer multiple of the wave period. For wave frequencies below 100 Hz, however, this leads to prolonged acquisition times, as the repetition time scales inversely with frequency. A previously developed multi-shot approach (eXpresso MRE) to multi-slice GRE-MRE tackles this issue by acquiring an integer number of slices per wave period, which allows acquisition to be accelerated in typical scenarios by a factor of two or three. In this work, it is demonstrated that the constraints imposed by the eXpresso scheme are overly restrictive. We propose a generalization of the sequence in three steps by incorporating sequence delays into imaging shots and allowing for interleaved wave-phase acquisition. The Ristretto scheme is compared in terms of imaging shot and total scan duration relative to eXpresso and conventional GRE-MRE and is validated in three different phantom studies. First, the agreement of measured displacement fields in different stages of the sequence generalization is shown. Second, performance is compared for 25, 36, 40, and 60 Hz actuation frequencies. Third, the performance is assessed for the acquisition of different numbers of slices (13 to 17). In vivo feasibility is demonstrated in the liver and the breast. Here, Ristretto is compared with an optimized eXpresso sequence, leading to scan accelerations of 15% and 5%, respectively, without compromising displacement field and stiffness estimates in general. The Ristretto concept allows us to choose imaging shot durations on a fine grid independent of the number of slices and the wave frequency, permitting 2- to 4.5-fold acceleration of conventional GRE-MRE acquisitions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere4049
Pages (from-to)e4049
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Issue number5
Early online date29 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • eXpresso
  • interleaved acquisition
  • MR elastography
  • multi-shot
  • multi-slice


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