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Ritualised eating in young people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

A. D. Jassi, N. Patel, K. Lang, I. Heyman, G. Krebs

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

King's Authors

Abstract

Ritualised eating can present as a symptom of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and in some extreme cases can lead to restricted eating causing low-weight. Little is known about the prevalence and clinical significance of ritualised eating in paediatric OCD populations. Participants were 397 patients referred to a specialist OCD clinic. The prevalence, demographic and clinical characteristics as well as treatment outcomes were compared for young people who endorsed ritualised eating on a structured measure (N=101) and those who did not (N=296). Ritualised eating was common with 25% exhibiting this symptom. There were no significant differences in demographic or treatment outcomes between those who did and did not have ritualised eating symptom. However, ritualised eaters had more severe OCD and greater functional impairment. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) outcomes for an underweight sub-group (N=10) were compared to a matched healthy weight group (N=10). CBT outcomes were significantly worse in the underweight group. Treatment implications for this group are discussed.

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