Objective: Current diagnostic criteria for eating disorders emphasize the importance of issues Concerning weight and shape for self-esteem and self-worth. However, this requirement is based on patients presenting at clinics in Western countries and it is not clear whether such overvaluation of weight and shape is also a feature of eating pathology in non-Western women. Method: Two hundred and forty-five women from Georgia (part of the former Soviet Union) conipleted a number of questionnaires measuring eating pathology, anxiety and depression. In addition, participants completed two measures concerning their evaluation of weight and shape (overvaluation of weight/shape and shape- and weight-based self-esteem. Results: Both overvaluation of weight and shape and shape- and weight-based self-esteem were significantly correlated with measures of eating pathology, even after partialling, out the affects of anxiety and depression. In addition, the majority of these women desired a thinner body shape. Despite the associations between weight/shape-based self-esteem and eating pathology, the overall degree to which women based their self-esteem on weight and shape was less than that reported in other studies using Western samples.