The term "parkinsonism" refers to a syndrome combining motor symptoms such as bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor, and other clinical signs characteristic of Parkinson's disease. A large range of these disorders can simultaneously express parkinsonism and dementia, although with variable occurrence particularly related to the onset of disease and expression of clinical symptoms. Therefore, motor and cognitive assessment in these conditions are relevant, for both clinical research and practice. Most of the rating scales applied in this situation are measures coming from the realm of the movement disorders, used for evaluation of Parkinson's disease, multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy, etc. Also, there are generic scales designed for assessment of motor state that may be useful in the appropriate context. Some of the most frequently used scales are reviewed in this chapter, with particular attention to their description and basic clinimetric properties.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMovement Disorders in Dementias
EditorsMarcelo Merello, Sergio E Starkstein
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781447163657
ISBN (Print)9781447163640
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Assessment
  • Dementia
  • Dementia associated with parkinson's disease
  • Dementia with lewy bodies
  • Multiple system atrophy
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Parkinsonism
  • Progressive supranuclear palsy
  • Rating scales


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