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Scattered slice SHARD reconstruction for motion correction in multi-shell diffusion MRI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number117437
Pages (from-to)117437
JournalNeuroImage
Volume225
Early online date14 Oct 2020
DOIs
E-pub ahead of print14 Oct 2020
Published15 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

King's Authors

Abstract

Diffusion MRI offers a unique probe into neural microstructure and connectivity in the developing brain. However, analysis of neonatal brain imaging data is complicated by inevitable subject motion, leading to a series of scattered slices that need to be aligned within and across diffusion-weighted contrasts. Here, we develop a reconstruction method for scattered slice multi-shell high angular resolution diffusion imaging (HARDI) data, jointly estimating an uncorrupted data representation and motion parameters at the slice or multiband excitation level. The reconstruction relies on data-driven representation of multi-shell HARDI data using a bespoke spherical harmonics and radial decomposition (SHARD), which avoids imposing model assumptions, thus facilitating to compare various microstructure imaging methods in the reconstructed output. Furthermore, the proposed framework integrates slice-level outlier rejection, distortion correction, and slice profile correction. We evaluate the method in the neonatal cohort of the developing Human Connectome Project (650 scans). Validation experiments demonstrate accurate slice-level motion correction across the age range and across the range of motion in the population. Results in the neonatal data show successful reconstruction even in severely motion-corrupted subjects. In addition, we illustrate how local tissue modelling can extract advanced microstructure features such as orientation distribution functions from the motion-corrected reconstructions.

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