Scripting the mechanics of the benchmark manipulation corporate scandals: The ‘guardian’ paradox

Aleksandra Jordanoska, Nicholas Lord

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
302 Downloads (Pure)


This article implements a crime script analysis to understand the procedural dynamics of corporate benchmark-rigging in the financial services industry. In 2012 several global banks were implicated in the manipulation of various trading benchmarks, portraying the industry as affected by serious, pervasive and ‘organized’ corporate crimes. Yet their dynamics have been relatively little studied by criminologists. To address this gap, we analyse official enforcement documentation, supplemented with data from interviews with key informants in the UK financial markets. We analyse the range of interactions between the relevant actors, their actions and the resources essential to the manipulations, and deconstruct the benchmark manipulations into four scenes (calculated positioning and identification of co-collaborators; recruitment; (ephemeral) manipulation; recompense and solicitation). The analysis reveals that regulatory and organizational systems play a paradoxical role of both ‘capable guardians’ and ‘facilitators of misconduct’; this has implications for criminological theory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-30
Number of pages22
JournalEuropean Journal of Criminology
Issue number1
Early online date12 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Capable guardianship
  • corporate crime
  • financial markets
  • market manipulation
  • script analysis


Dive into the research topics of 'Scripting the mechanics of the benchmark manipulation corporate scandals: The ‘guardian’ paradox'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this