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Sedentary behavior and physical activity levels in people with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder: a global systematic review and meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B. Schuch, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha, Mats Hallgren, Michel Probst, Philip B. Ward, Fiona Gaughran, Marc De Hert, André F. Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-315
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Psychiatry
Volume16
Issue number3
Early online date21 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

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Abstract

People with severe mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or major depressive disorder) die up to 15 years prematurely due to chronic somatic comorbidities. Sedentary behavior and low physical activity are independent yet modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in these people. A comprehensive meta-analysis exploring these risk factors is lacking in this vulnerable population. We conducted a meta-analysis investigating sedentary behavior and physical activity levels and their correlates in people with severe mental illness. Major electronic databases were searched from inception up to April 2017 for articles measuring sedentary behavior and/or physical activity with a self-report questionnaire or an objective measure (e.g., accelerometer). Random effects meta-analyses and meta-regression analyses were conducted. Sixty-nine studies were included (N=35,682; 39.5% male; mean age 43.0 years). People with severe mental illness spent on average 476.0 min per day (95% CI: 407.3-545.4) being sedentary during waking hours, and were significantly more sedentary than age- and gender-matched healthy controls (p=0.003). Their mean amount of moderate or vigorous physical activity was 38.4 min per day (95% CI: 32.0-44.8), being significantly lower than that of healthy controls (p=0.002 for moderate activity, p

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