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Segmenting electroencephalography wires reduces radiofrequency shielding artifacts in simultaneous electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging at 7 T

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

L. Thanh Phong, Rolf Gruetter, João Jorge, Özlem Ipek

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1450-1464
Number of pages15
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number3
PublishedSep 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This study was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) through grant 185909, as well as the CIBM Center for Biomedical Imaging of the Lausanne University Hospital, University of Lausanne, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, University of Geneva and Geneva University Hospitals. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

King's Authors


Purpose: Simultaneous scalp electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) enable noninvasive assessment of brain function with high spatial and temporal resolution. However, at ultra-high field, the data quality of both modalities is degraded by mutual interactions. Here, we thoroughly investigated the radiofrequency (RF) shielding artifact of a state-of-the-art EEG-fMRI setup, at 7 T, and design a practical solution to limit this issue. Methods: Electromagnetic field simulations and MR measurements assessed the shielding effect of the EEG setup, more specifically the EEG wiring. The effectiveness of segmenting the wiring with resistors to reduce the transmit field disruption was evaluated on a wire-only EEG model and a simulation model of the EEG cap. Results: The EEG wiring was found to exert a dominant effect on the disruption of the transmit field, whose intensity varied periodically as a function of the wire length. Breaking the electrical continuity of the EEG wires into segments shorter than one quarter RF wavelength in air (25 cm at 7 T) reduced significantly the RF shielding artifacts. Simulations of the EEG cap with segmented wires indicated similar improvements for a moderate increase of the power deposition. Conclusion: We demonstrated that segmenting the EEG wiring into shorter lengths using commercially available nonmagnetic resistors is effective at reducing RF shielding artifacts in simultaneous EEG-fMRI. This prevents the formation of RF-induced standing waves, without substantial specific absorption rate (SAR) penalties, and thereby enables benefiting from the functional sensitivity boosts achievable at ultra-high field.

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