Selenium in reproductive health

Hiten D. Mistry, Fiona Broughton Pipkin, Christopher W. G. Redman, Lucilla Poston

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

212 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Selenium is an essential trace element of importance to human biology and health. Increasing evidence suggests that this mineral plays an important role in normal growth and reproduction in animals and humans, and selenium supplementation is now recommended as part of public health policy in geographical areas with severe selenium deficiency in soil. This review addresses the biological functions of selenium followed by a detailed review of associations between selenium status and reproductive health. In many countries, selenium dietary intake falls below the recommended nutrient intakes and is inadequate to support maximal expression of the selenoenzymes. Numerous reports implicate selenium deficiency in several reproductive and obstetric complications including male and female infertility, miscarriage, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, gestational diabetes, and obstetric cholestasis. Currently, there is inadequate information from the available small intervention studies to inform public health strategies. Larger intervention trials are required to reinforce or refute a beneficial role of selenium supplementation in disorders of reproductive health.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21 - 30
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume206
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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