## Abstract

Previous studies based on measurements made in the ascending aorta have demonstrated that it can be useful to separate the arterial pressure P into a reservoir pressure (P) over bar generated by the windkessel effect and a wave pressure p generated by the arterial waves: P = (P) over bar+ p. The separation in these studies was relatively straightforward since the flow into the arterial system was measured. In this study the idea is extended to measurements of pressure and velocity at sites distal to the aortic root where flow into the arterial system is not known. (P) over bar is calculated from P at an arbitrary location in a large artery by fitting the pressure fall-off in diastole to an exponential function and assuming that p is proportional to the flow into the arterial system. A local reservoir velocity (U) over bar that is proportional to (P) over bar is also defined. The separation algorithm is applied to in vivo human and canine data and to numerical data generated using a one-dimensional model of pulse wave propagation in the larger conduit arteries. The results show that the proposed algorithm is reasonably robust, allowing for the separation of the measured pressure and velocity into reservoir and wave pressures and velocities. Application to data measured simultaneously in the aorta of the dog shows that the reservoir pressure is fairly uniform along the aorta, a test of self-consistency of the assumptions leading to the algorithm. Application to data generated with a validated numerical model indicates that the parameters derived by fitting the pressure data are close to the known values which were used to generate the numerical data. Finally, application to data measured in the human thoracic aorta indicates the potential usefulness of the separation.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 403-416 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine |

Volume | 222 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - May 2008 |