Serum cystatin C is not a better marker of creatinine or digoxin clearance than serum creatinine

S O'Riordan, E Ouldred, S Brice, S H D Jackson, C G Swift

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Aims To assess whether cystatin C, a new serum marker of renal function, is a better index of creatinine or digoxin clearance than serum creatinine in older people. Methods Twenty-two volunteers over the age of 65 years (mean 73 +/- 5) were recruited from a healthy elderly volunteer database. None of the volunteers was taking digoxin or other medication known to interfere with digoxin kinetics or assay. Digoxin was infused at a dose of 7-10 mug kg(-1) and blood samples were taken over the following 48 h and assayed for serum digoxin. Serum cystatin C, creatinine and creatinine clearance were measured and a calculated creatinine clearance was estimated using the Cockcroft Gault formula. Digoxin clearance was calculated using a pharmacokinetic software package. All values were log transformed to normalize their distribution. Results. Of the 22 volunteers enrolled into the study, 18 completed the study. Serum cystatin C ranged between 0.72 and 1.89 mg 1(-1) and serum creatinine ranged from 69.0 to 153.9 mumol 1(-1). Measured creatinine clearance ranged from 38 to 23 ml min(-1) and calculated creatinine clearance from 29.5 to 88.0 ml min(-1). Digoxin clearance ranged from 51.0 to 103.5 ml min(-1). Cystatin C correlated extremely well with creatinine (r=0.93, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398 - 402
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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