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Shadowing ‘the exceptional’ behind the ‘ordinary’: mapping a network of intelligence laundering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vanessa Ugolini, M.L.R. Smith

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalIntelligence and National Security

Bibliographical note

doi: 10.1080/02684527.2020.1791488

King's Authors


Under the imperative of ‘prevention’, the process of information production for investigatory purposes forms a crossover between intelligence gathering and law enforcement. Digital surveillance programmes collect personal data prior to any probable cause of suspicion, whereas law enforcement activities are concerned with collecting evidence of crimes after the event. When future looking preventative approaches to the prosecution of crimes are forced into the linear, temporal narrative by which criminal investigations unfold, a tension emerges. The article demonstrates the ultimate incompatibility between ‘out of the ordinary’ intelligence activities and ‘ordinary’ criminal investigations by unearthing the procedural character behind evidence laundering.

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