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Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK. / Atkinson, Richard; Analytis, Antonis; Samoli, Evangelia; Fuller, Gary William; Green, David; Green, David C. ; Mudway, Ian Stanley; Anderson, Hugh Ross.

In: Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, Vol. 26, No. 2, 14.10.2015, p. 125–132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Atkinson, R, Analytis, A, Samoli, E, Fuller, GW, Green, D, Green, DC, Mudway, IS & Anderson, HR 2015, 'Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK' Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 125–132. DOI: 10.1038/jes.2015.65

APA

Atkinson, R., Analytis, A., Samoli, E., Fuller, G. W., Green, D., Green, D. C., ... Anderson, H. R. (2015). Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK. DOI: 10.1038/jes.2015.65

Vancouver

Atkinson R, Analytis A, Samoli E, Fuller GW, Green D, Green DC et al. Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2015 Oct 14;26(2):125–132. Available from, DOI: 10.1038/jes.2015.65

Author

Atkinson, Richard ; Analytis, Antonis ; Samoli, Evangelia ; Fuller, Gary William ; Green, David ; Green, David C. ; Mudway, Ian Stanley ; Anderson, Hugh Ross. / Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK. In: Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2015 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 125–132

Bibtex Download

@article{2a6cf71152824d589f5c2b8c0b6022fd,
title = "Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK",
abstract = "Epidemiological studies have linked daily concentrations of urban air pollution to mortality, but few have investigated specific traffic sources that can inform abatement policies. We assembled a database of >100 daily, measured and modelled pollutant concentrations characterizing air pollution in London between 2011 and 2012. Based on the analyses of temporal patterns and correlations between the metrics, knowledge of local emission sources and reference to the existing literature, we selected, a priori, markers of traffic pollution: oxides of nitrogen (general traffic); elemental and black carbon (EC/BC) (diesel exhaust); carbon monoxide (petrol exhaust); copper (tyre), zinc (brake) and aluminium (mineral dust). Poisson regression accounting for seasonality and meteorology was used to estimate the percentage change in risk of death associated with an interquartile increment of each pollutant. Associations were generally small with confidence intervals that spanned 0{\%} and tended to be negative for cardiovascular mortality and positive for respiratory mortality. The strongest positive associations were for EC and BC adjusted for particle mass and respiratory mortality, 2.66{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval: 0.11, 5.28) and 2.72{\%} (0.09, 5.42) per 0.8 and 1.0 μg/m3, respectively. These associations were robust to adjustment for other traffic metrics and regional pollutants, suggesting a degree of specificity with respiratory mortality and diesel exhaust containing EC/BC.",
author = "Richard Atkinson and Antonis Analytis and Evangelia Samoli and Fuller, {Gary William} and David Green and Green, {David C.} and Mudway, {Ian Stanley} and Anderson, {Hugh Ross}",
year = "2015",
month = "10",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1038/jes.2015.65",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "125–132",
journal = "Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology",
issn = "1559-0631",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and daily mortality in London, UK

AU - Atkinson,Richard

AU - Analytis,Antonis

AU - Samoli,Evangelia

AU - Fuller,Gary William

AU - Green,David

AU - Green,David C.

AU - Mudway,Ian Stanley

AU - Anderson,Hugh Ross

PY - 2015/10/14

Y1 - 2015/10/14

N2 - Epidemiological studies have linked daily concentrations of urban air pollution to mortality, but few have investigated specific traffic sources that can inform abatement policies. We assembled a database of >100 daily, measured and modelled pollutant concentrations characterizing air pollution in London between 2011 and 2012. Based on the analyses of temporal patterns and correlations between the metrics, knowledge of local emission sources and reference to the existing literature, we selected, a priori, markers of traffic pollution: oxides of nitrogen (general traffic); elemental and black carbon (EC/BC) (diesel exhaust); carbon monoxide (petrol exhaust); copper (tyre), zinc (brake) and aluminium (mineral dust). Poisson regression accounting for seasonality and meteorology was used to estimate the percentage change in risk of death associated with an interquartile increment of each pollutant. Associations were generally small with confidence intervals that spanned 0% and tended to be negative for cardiovascular mortality and positive for respiratory mortality. The strongest positive associations were for EC and BC adjusted for particle mass and respiratory mortality, 2.66% (95% confidence interval: 0.11, 5.28) and 2.72% (0.09, 5.42) per 0.8 and 1.0 μg/m3, respectively. These associations were robust to adjustment for other traffic metrics and regional pollutants, suggesting a degree of specificity with respiratory mortality and diesel exhaust containing EC/BC.

AB - Epidemiological studies have linked daily concentrations of urban air pollution to mortality, but few have investigated specific traffic sources that can inform abatement policies. We assembled a database of >100 daily, measured and modelled pollutant concentrations characterizing air pollution in London between 2011 and 2012. Based on the analyses of temporal patterns and correlations between the metrics, knowledge of local emission sources and reference to the existing literature, we selected, a priori, markers of traffic pollution: oxides of nitrogen (general traffic); elemental and black carbon (EC/BC) (diesel exhaust); carbon monoxide (petrol exhaust); copper (tyre), zinc (brake) and aluminium (mineral dust). Poisson regression accounting for seasonality and meteorology was used to estimate the percentage change in risk of death associated with an interquartile increment of each pollutant. Associations were generally small with confidence intervals that spanned 0% and tended to be negative for cardiovascular mortality and positive for respiratory mortality. The strongest positive associations were for EC and BC adjusted for particle mass and respiratory mortality, 2.66% (95% confidence interval: 0.11, 5.28) and 2.72% (0.09, 5.42) per 0.8 and 1.0 μg/m3, respectively. These associations were robust to adjustment for other traffic metrics and regional pollutants, suggesting a degree of specificity with respiratory mortality and diesel exhaust containing EC/BC.

UR - http://www.nature.com/jes/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/jes201565a.html#aff2

U2 - 10.1038/jes.2015.65

DO - 10.1038/jes.2015.65

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 125

EP - 132

JO - Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology

T2 - Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology

JF - Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology

SN - 1559-0631

IS - 2

ER -

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