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Simulation of risk-taking and it relationship with personality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Susan Young, Gisli H. Gudjonsson, Philippa Carter, Rachel Terry, Robin Morris

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-299
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

King's Authors

Abstract

The study simulated risk-taking and explored its relationship with aspects of personality (i.e., EPQ-R Psychoticism, IVE impulsivity and venturesomeness). The simulation used a multi-tasking board game task, which comprised a behavioural (experimental) measure rather than the more traditional questionnaire approach. This was investigated in 60 community based healthy male control participants and among 30 forensic in-patients (offenders). Among the forensic patients, risk-taking correlated negatively with social desirability and positively with impulsivity and venturesomeness. By contrast, correlations were not significant for the control participants other than risk-taking and impulsivity. The forensic patients exhibited lower rates of risk-taking on the risk simulation task than the healthy controls, and social desirability may be a protective factor against risk-taking among the forensic patients. The findings suggest that a restricted institutional environment influences patients' approach to risk-taking tasks that may not translate into the community. The study represents a pilot of an experimental procedure, which now requires a computer based application in order to improve its reliability and validity. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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