Skeletal Muscle Regeneration in Zebrafish

Tapan G. Pipalia, Sami H.A. Sultan, Jana Koth, Robert D. Knight, Simon M. Hughes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Muscle regeneration models have revealed mechanisms of inflammation, wound clearance, and stem cell–directed repair of damage, thereby informing therapy. Whereas studies of muscle repair are most advanced in rodents, the zebrafish is emerging as an additional model organism with genetic and optical advantages. Various muscle wounding protocols (both chemical and physical) have been published. Here we describe simple, cheap, precise, adaptable, and effective wounding protocols and analysis methods for two stages of a larval zebrafish skeletal muscle regeneration model. We show examples of how muscle damage, ingression of muscle stem cells, immune cells, and regeneration of fibers can be monitored over an extended timecourse in individual larvae. Such analyses have the potential to greatly enhance understanding, by reducing the need to average regeneration responses across individuals subjected to an unavoidably variable wound stimulus.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029


  • Confocal live imaging
  • Laser injury
  • Multiphoton microscopy
  • Muscle precursor cells
  • Muscle regeneration
  • Muscle wounding
  • Needlestick injury
  • Pax7
  • Satellite cell
  • Second harmonic generation
  • Spinning disk imaging
  • Zebrafish muscle


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