Slice Sampling Mixture Models

Maria Kalli, Jim Griffin, Stephen Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

210 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a more efficient version of the slice sampler for Dirichlet process mixture models described by Walker (Commun. Stat., Simul. Comput. 36:45–54, 2007). This new sampler allows for the fitting of infinite mixture models with a wide-range of prior specifications. To illustrate this flexibility we consider priors defined through infinite sequences of independent positive random variables. Two applications are considered: density estimation using mixture models and hazard function estimation. In each case we show how the slice efficient sampler can be applied to make inference in the models. In the mixture case, two submodels are studied in detail. The first one assumes that the positive random variables are Gamma distributed and the second assumes that they are inverse-Gaussian distributed. Both priors have two hyperparameters and we consider their effect on the prior distribution of the number of occupied clusters in a sample. Extensive computational comparisons with alternative “conditional” simulation techniques for mixture models using the standard Dirichlet process prior and our new priors are made. The properties of the new priors are illustrated on a density estimation problem.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-105
Number of pages13
JournalSTATISTICS AND COMPUTING
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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