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Smoking and vaping among Canadian youth and adults in 2017 and 2019

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Ann McNeill, Katherine East, Jessica Reid, David Hammond

Original languageEnglish
JournalTobacco Control
Accepted/In press19 Jun 2021


King's Authors


• In May 2018, Canada changed their regulatory framework for e-cigarettes and permitted the sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes and e-cigarette advertising/promotion.
• Studies have highlighted increases in youth vaping following Canada’s new framework, but there is little research at the population level. This study is therefore the first to examine how smoking and vaping evolved between 2017 and 2019 using data from two nationally representative surveys.
• Between 2017 and 2019, the prevalence of current smoking among Canadians decreased (15.1-11.9%) and, in 2019, current smoking was higher among adults than youth.
• Between 2017 and 2019, the prevalence of vaping doubled in Canada (past 30-day: 2.8-4.7%, daily: 1.0-2.1%). Never smokers, youth, and young adults accounted for most of this increase.
• In 2019, over half of all past 30-day vapers and almost half of daily vapers reported using e-cigarettes for reasons other than smoking cessation, abstinence, or reduction.
• Findings suggest that e-cigarettes should be better targeted toward adult smokers for the purpose of smoking cessation in Canada.

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