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Social capital and the course of depression: Six-month prospective cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149 - 157
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume129
Issue number1-3
DOIs
PublishedMar 2011

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: Previous research has found an inverse cross-sectional relationship between an individual's access to social capital (defined as resources embedded within social networks) and depression, but this relationship has not been rigorously tested in prospective research. This is the first longitudinal study to evaluate the effect of social capital on the course of depression and subjective quality of life in a clinical population. Methods: This was a six-month prospective cohort study of people with depression in primary care achieving a follow-up rate of 91.3% (n = 158). Depression was measured with the HAD-D and social capital using the Resource Generator-UK. Potential confounding variables including socio-demographics, socio-economic status, depression history, social support, life events and attachment style were also measured. Results: Social capital had no independent effect on the course of depression, though an interaction of access to social capital and attachment style was significantly related to change in quality of life alongside multiple covariates. Limitations: The study used a small sample; a short follow-up period; no measure of ecological social capital; no genetic components: and only two time points. Conclusions: Emotional support is important for the alleviation of depression. Additionally, people with depression may require a secure attachment style to derive the full benefit of their social capital. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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