King's College London

Research portal

Socio-demographic and cardiovascular disease risk factors associated with dementia: Results of a cross-sectional study from Lebanon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Monique Chaaya, Kieu Phung, Samir Atweh, Khalil El Asmar, Georges Karam, Rose Mary Khoury, Lilian Ghandour, Husam Ghusn, Sarah Assaad, Martin Prince, Gunhild Waldemar

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Early online date24 Nov 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Nov 2017


King's Authors


Little evidence from the Arab region is available on dementia and its associated risk factors. This study is the first in Lebanon to examine the association between community older adults' socio-demographics and cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVDRF) and dementia in the aim of closing the knowledge gap. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in 2013 in Beirut and two districts of Mount Lebanon with 502 older adults (65 years and above) and their informants. Data was collected on CVDRF and socio-demographics using structured questionnaires and dementia was assessed using the 10/66 Dementia Research Group validated tools. Multivariable analysis was done using a generalized estimating equation to account for cluster effect. Being older and perceiving personal income as insufficient significantly increased the odds of dementia [OR75–84 years = 4.00 (95%CI = 1.46, 10.95); OR85 + years = 7.07 (1.84, 27.03); ORinsufficient income = 3.90 (1.58, 9.60)]. Having uncontrolled hypertension (versus no hypertension) was the only significant CVDRF that increased the odds of dementia [OR = 6.35 (1.60, 25.10)]. Interventions targeting uncontrolled hypertension that aim to increase awareness about proper management of this chronic condition would contribute to the needed preventive efforts against CVDRFs in response to dementia risk. Further research on the association between income sufficiency – one indicator of low socio-economic status – and dementia is warranted.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454