This chapter presents several challenges raised by the process of enforcement of European soft law. It briefly reviews various strategies to determine what enforcement could mean in a soft law context. The chapter looks at a series of examples which demonstrate how soft law is enforced through flexible, but also more coercive means, before concluding that ensuring the enforcement of soft law is done through hybrid methods which only reflect the hybridity of regulation in Europe. The chapter in addition shows how hybridity of regulation is reflected in the hybridity of enforcement mechanisms, with soft law itself becoming an enforcement tool for higher, binding norms, or values. Finally, this chapter reflects on whether, in the coercive enforcement of soft law, fundamental Rule of Law values are still preserved.
|Title of host publication||The Enforcement of EU Law and Values|
|Subtitle of host publication||Ensuring Member States' Compliance|
|Editors||Andras Jakab, Dimitry Kochenov|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|