Soviet intelligence and the 1957 Syrian Crisis

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This article assesses a claim by Khrushchev that warnings from the Soviet intelligence services enabled to him to deter a Turkish invasion of Syria in 1957. The article shows that the United States and Turkey did aim to overthrow the Syrian government, with the Turks massing an invasion force on Syria’s border. Soviet intelligence detected this threat and was able to alert Khrushchev, who took diplomatic and military countermeasures. However, while the Soviet intelligence services did provide advance warning, Khrushchev overestimated the extent to which the United States was committed to a Turkish invasion.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalIntelligence and National Security
Early online date22 Aug 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Aug 2017


  • Khrushchev, Syria, KGB, Turkey, deterrence


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