Spontaneously breaking non-Abelian gauge symmetry in non-Hermitian field theories

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Abstract

We generalize our previous formulation of gauge-invariant PT-symmetric field theories to include models with non-Abelian symmetries and discuss the extension to such models of the Englert-Brout-Higgs-Kibble mechanism for generating masses for vector bosons. As in the Abelian case, the non-Abelian gauge fields are coupled to nonconserved currents. We present a consistent scheme for gauge fixing, demonstrating Becchi-Rouet-Stora-Tyutin invariance, and show that the particle spectrum and interactions are gauge invariant. We exhibit the masses that gauge bosons in the simplest two-doublet SU(2)×U(1) model acquire when certain scalar fields develop vacuum expectation values: they and scalar masses depend quartically on the non-Hermitian mass parameter μ. The bosonic mass spectrum differs substantially from that in a Hermitian two-doublet model. This non-Hermitian extension of the Standard Model opens a new direction for particle model building, with distinctive predictions to be explored further.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035008
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume101
Issue number3
Early online date7 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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