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Staged residential post-acute rehabilitation for adults following acquired brain injury: A comparison of functional gains rated on the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) and the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Diana Jackson, Karla Seaman, Kristylee Sharp, Rachel Singer, Janet Wagland, Lynne Turner-Stokes

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1405-1413
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number11
Early online date12 Sep 2017
Accepted/In press2 Jul 2017
E-pub ahead of print12 Sep 2017

King's Authors


Objective: To compare the UK Functional Assessment Measure (UK FIM+FAM) and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory (MPAI-4) as measures of functional change in patients with brain injury receiving a staged residential post-acute community-based rehabilitation programme. Research design: Longitudinal cohort study of consecutive admissions (N = 42) over 3 years.

Methods: Patients were assessed at admission and discharge/annual review. We examined groups according to stage of independence on admission: Maximum support (stages 1 and 2: N = 17); moderate/maximum self-care/household support (stage 3: N = 15); minimal self-care and moderate household/community support (stages 4–6: N = 10).

Results: Median (IQR) age: 50 (37–56) years. Male:female ratio: (71%:29%). Aetiology: stroke (50%), traumatic (36%) and other brain injuries (14%). Both tools demonstrated significant gains in overall scores and all subscales (p < 0.01). However, the UK FIM+FAM provides more detailed evaluation of personal activities of daily living and mobility, which were most relevant in clients admitted in graduation stages 1 and 2 of the programme, whereas the MPAI-4 was more sensitive to changes in adjustment and participation for clients admitted in the later stages (4–6).

Conclusions: The UK FIM+FAM and MPAI-4 provide complementary evaluation across functional tasks ranging from self-care to participation. This study supports their use for longitudinal outcome evaluation in community residential rehabilitation services that take patients at different stages of recovery.

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