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State-of-the-Art Analysis of High-Frequency (Gamma Range) Electroencephalography in Humans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-228
Number of pages10
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

King's Authors


Gamma oscillations (>30 Hz) in the brain are involved in attention, perception and memory. They are altered in various pathological states, as well as by neuropharmaceuticals, so that they are of interest in drug and clinical investigations. However, when the human electroencephalogram is recorded on the scalp, this neural high-frequency signal is buried under a range of other electrical signals such that, without careful handling, recordings of the high-frequency electroencephalogram cannot be considered reliable. The artefacts of concern originate from: power line noise, saccade-associated contraction of the extra-ocular muscles, activity of muscles in the scalp, face and neck, screen refresh artefacts and activity of the muscles associated with blinking. Recent progress in dealing with these artefacts is described, including either noise cancellation or phased noise template subtraction for power line noise, regression or independent component analysis for correcting extra-ocular muscle activity and mathematical modelling for reducing scalp, face and neck muscle activity. If the artefacts are properly addressed, the neural gamma signal can be uncovered.

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