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Stigma and discrimination experienced by people with schizophrenia living in the community in Guangzhou, China

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jie Li, Yang-Bo Guo, Yuan-Guang Huang, Jing-Wen Liu, Wen Chen, Xiang-Yang Zhang, Sara Evans-Lacko, Graham Thornicroft

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225–231
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume255
Early online date29 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate experienced stigma and discrimination and their associated factors in people with schizophrenia who live in the community in Guangzhou, China. A total of 384 people with schizophrenia were randomly recruited from four districts of Guangzhou and completed the scales and questionnaires: Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale (ISMI), Self-Esteem Scale (SES) Discrimination and Stigma Scale (DISC-12), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), PANSS negative scale (PANSS-N), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS). Insight and medication compliance were evaluated by psychiatrists. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multivariable linear regression. We found a significant positive correlation between BPRS score and PANSS-N score, GAF score was significantly negative correlated with SQLS score, Insight score was significantly negative correlated with medication compliance score, ISMI score was significantly positive correlated with SES score and experienced discrimination score. Multivariable linear regression found SQLS, SES and experienced discrimination were the main independent variables of ISMI and experienced discrimination was the most important factor of ISMI. Our findings suggest that people with schizophrenia often experienced stigma and discrimination in this Chinese population, and more anti-stigma interventions should be provided.

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