King's College London

Research portal

Strategies for refractory angina - electric not eclectic?

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650 - 652
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Issue number7
PublishedJul 2004

King's Authors


In summary, the number of therapeutic strategies for the treatment of refractory angina is an indication of the failure of any single option. Nevertheless, it is possible to improve symptom control for patients with this diagnosis. In particular, there is clear evidence for benefit from neurostimulation. EECP is a cumbersome technique, which shows promise despite being inappropriate for patients with severe heart failure or valvular disease. Gene therapy offers hope for the future, although cannot yet be recommended outside the setting of a clinical trial.

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454