King's College London

Research portal

Structural and Electronic Evolution in the Cu 3 SbS 4-Cu 3 SnS 4 Solid Solution

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Published15 Jul 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Cu3Sb1−xSnxS4 samples with 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0 were synthesized from pure elements by mechanical alloying combined with spark plasma sintering. The structural and electronic properties of these compounds were characterized by powder X-ray and neutron diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), magnetic susceptibility and electrical and thermal transport measurements, and the experimental results compared against those calculated from hybrid density functional theory. A full solid solution is found between famatinite (Cu3SbS4) and kuramite (Cu3SnS4), with low x-value compositions in the Cu3Sb1−xSnxS4 system exhibiting the ordered famatinite structure and compositions above x = 0.7 showing progressive disorder on the cation sublattice. The semiconducting behaviour of Cu3SbS4 becomes increasingly more metallic and paramagnetic with increasing Sn content as holes are introduced into the system. Neutron diffraction data confirm that the sulfur stoichiometry is maintained, while XPS results show Cu remains in the monovalent oxidation state throughout, suggesting that hole carriers are delocalized in the metallic band structure. The order–disorder transition is discussed in terms of the defect chemistry and the propensity towards disorder in these compounds.

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454