Structural changes in the myosin filament and cross-bridges during active force development in single intact frog muscle fibres: stiffness and X-ray diffraction measurements

E Brunello, P Bianco, G Piazzesi, M Linari, M Reconditi, P Panine, T Narayanan, W I Helsby, M Irving, V Lombardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Structural and mechanical changes occurring in the myosin filament and myosin head domains during the development of the isometric tetanus have been investigated in intact frog muscle fibres at 4 degrees C and 2.15 mu m sarcomere length, using sarcomere level mechanics and X-ray diffraction at beamline ID2 of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (Grenoble, France). The time courses of changes in both the M3 and M6 myosin-based reflections were recorded with 5 ms frames using the gas-filled RAPID detector (MicroGap Technology). Following the end of the latent period (11 ms after the start of stimulation), force increases to the tetanus plateau value (T-0) with a half-time of 40 ms, and the spacings of the M3 and M6 reflections (S-M3 and S-M6) increase by 1.5% from their resting values, with time courses that lead that of force by similar to 10 and similar to 20 ms, respectively. These temporal relations are maintained when the increase of force is delayed by similar to 10 ms by imposing, from 5 ms after the first stimulus, 50 nm (half-sarcomere)(-1) shortening at the velocity (V-0) that maintains zero force. Shortening at V-0 transiently reduces S-M3 following the latent period and delays the subsequent increase in S-M3, but only delays the S-M6 increase without a transient decrease. Shortening at V-0 imposed at the tetanus plateau causes an abrupt reduction of the intensity of the M3 reflection (I-M3), whereas the intensity of the M6 reflection (I-M6) is only slightly reduced. The changes in half-sarcomere stiffness indicate that the isometric force at each time point is proportional to the number of myosin heads bound to actin. The different sensitivities of the intensity and spacing of the M3 and M6 reflections to the mechanical responses support the view that the M3 reflection in active muscle originates mainly from the myosin heads attached to the actin filament and the M6 reflection originates mainly from a fixed structure in the myosin filament signalling myosin filament length changes during the tetanus rise
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)971 - 984
Number of pages14
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Volume577
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

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