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Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition

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Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition. / Mitropoulou, Alkistis; Bowen, Holly; Dodev, Tihomir Stanimirov; Davies, Anna Marie; Bax, Heather Jane; Beavil, Rebecca Liesel; Beavil, Andrew John; Gould, Hannah Jane; James, Louisa; Sutton, Brian John.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 115, No. 37, 11.09.2018, p. E8707-E8716.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Mitropoulou, A, Bowen, H, Dodev, TS, Davies, AM, Bax, HJ, Beavil, RL, Beavil, AJ, Gould, HJ, James, L & Sutton, BJ 2018, 'Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 115, no. 37, pp. E8707-E8716. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1806840115

APA

Mitropoulou, A., Bowen, H., Dodev, T. S., Davies, A. M., Bax, H. J., Beavil, R. L., ... Sutton, B. J. (2018). Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(37), E8707-E8716. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1806840115

Vancouver

Mitropoulou A, Bowen H, Dodev TS, Davies AM, Bax HJ, Beavil RL et al. Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2018 Sep 11;115(37):E8707-E8716. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1806840115

Author

Mitropoulou, Alkistis ; Bowen, Holly ; Dodev, Tihomir Stanimirov ; Davies, Anna Marie ; Bax, Heather Jane ; Beavil, Rebecca Liesel ; Beavil, Andrew John ; Gould, Hannah Jane ; James, Louisa ; Sutton, Brian John. / Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2018 ; Vol. 115, No. 37. pp. E8707-E8716.

Bibtex Download

@article{92ef62c664bd4cee85ceb97b4d73d622,
title = "Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition",
abstract = "Antibodies classically bind antigens via their complementarity-determining regions, but an alternative mode of interaction involving V-domain framework regions has been observed for some B-cell “superantigens”. We report the first crystal structure of an antibody employing both modes of interaction simultaneously and binding two antigen molecules. This human antibody from an allergic individual binds to the grass pollen allergen Phl p 7. Not only are two allergen molecules bound to each antibody Fab, but also each allergen molecule is bound by two Fabs: one epitope is recognized classically, the other in a superantigen-like manner. A single allergen molecule thus cross-links two identical Fabs, contrary to the one-antibody/one-epitope dogma which dictates that a dimeric allergen at least is required for this to occur. Allergens trigger immediate hypersensitivity reactions by cross-linking receptor-bound IgE molecules on effector cells. We found that monomeric Phl p 7 induced degranulation of basophils sensitized solely with this monoclonal antibody expressed as an IgE, demonstrating that the dual specificity has functional consequences. The monomeric state of Phl p 7 and two structurally-related allergens was confirmed by size-exclusion chromatography and multi-angle laser light scattering, and the results were supported by degranulation studies with the related allergens, a second patient-derived allergen-specific antibody lacking the non-classical binding site, and mutagenesis of the non-classically recognized allergen epitope. This antibody dual reactivity and novel cross-linking mechanism not only has implications for understanding allergenicity and allergen potency, but importantly has broader relevance to antigen recognition by membrane immunoglobulin and cross-linking of the B-cell receptor.",
author = "Alkistis Mitropoulou and Holly Bowen and Dodev, {Tihomir Stanimirov} and Davies, {Anna Marie} and Bax, {Heather Jane} and Beavil, {Rebecca Liesel} and Beavil, {Andrew John} and Gould, {Hannah Jane} and Louisa James and Sutton, {Brian John}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1806840115",
language = "English",
volume = "115",
pages = "E8707--E8716",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "National Acad Sciences",
number = "37",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structure of a patient-derived antibody in complex with allergen reveals simultaneous conventional and superantigen-like recognition

AU - Mitropoulou, Alkistis

AU - Bowen, Holly

AU - Dodev, Tihomir Stanimirov

AU - Davies, Anna Marie

AU - Bax, Heather Jane

AU - Beavil, Rebecca Liesel

AU - Beavil, Andrew John

AU - Gould, Hannah Jane

AU - James, Louisa

AU - Sutton, Brian John

PY - 2018/9/11

Y1 - 2018/9/11

N2 - Antibodies classically bind antigens via their complementarity-determining regions, but an alternative mode of interaction involving V-domain framework regions has been observed for some B-cell “superantigens”. We report the first crystal structure of an antibody employing both modes of interaction simultaneously and binding two antigen molecules. This human antibody from an allergic individual binds to the grass pollen allergen Phl p 7. Not only are two allergen molecules bound to each antibody Fab, but also each allergen molecule is bound by two Fabs: one epitope is recognized classically, the other in a superantigen-like manner. A single allergen molecule thus cross-links two identical Fabs, contrary to the one-antibody/one-epitope dogma which dictates that a dimeric allergen at least is required for this to occur. Allergens trigger immediate hypersensitivity reactions by cross-linking receptor-bound IgE molecules on effector cells. We found that monomeric Phl p 7 induced degranulation of basophils sensitized solely with this monoclonal antibody expressed as an IgE, demonstrating that the dual specificity has functional consequences. The monomeric state of Phl p 7 and two structurally-related allergens was confirmed by size-exclusion chromatography and multi-angle laser light scattering, and the results were supported by degranulation studies with the related allergens, a second patient-derived allergen-specific antibody lacking the non-classical binding site, and mutagenesis of the non-classically recognized allergen epitope. This antibody dual reactivity and novel cross-linking mechanism not only has implications for understanding allergenicity and allergen potency, but importantly has broader relevance to antigen recognition by membrane immunoglobulin and cross-linking of the B-cell receptor.

AB - Antibodies classically bind antigens via their complementarity-determining regions, but an alternative mode of interaction involving V-domain framework regions has been observed for some B-cell “superantigens”. We report the first crystal structure of an antibody employing both modes of interaction simultaneously and binding two antigen molecules. This human antibody from an allergic individual binds to the grass pollen allergen Phl p 7. Not only are two allergen molecules bound to each antibody Fab, but also each allergen molecule is bound by two Fabs: one epitope is recognized classically, the other in a superantigen-like manner. A single allergen molecule thus cross-links two identical Fabs, contrary to the one-antibody/one-epitope dogma which dictates that a dimeric allergen at least is required for this to occur. Allergens trigger immediate hypersensitivity reactions by cross-linking receptor-bound IgE molecules on effector cells. We found that monomeric Phl p 7 induced degranulation of basophils sensitized solely with this monoclonal antibody expressed as an IgE, demonstrating that the dual specificity has functional consequences. The monomeric state of Phl p 7 and two structurally-related allergens was confirmed by size-exclusion chromatography and multi-angle laser light scattering, and the results were supported by degranulation studies with the related allergens, a second patient-derived allergen-specific antibody lacking the non-classical binding site, and mutagenesis of the non-classically recognized allergen epitope. This antibody dual reactivity and novel cross-linking mechanism not only has implications for understanding allergenicity and allergen potency, but importantly has broader relevance to antigen recognition by membrane immunoglobulin and cross-linking of the B-cell receptor.

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1806840115

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1806840115

M3 - Article

VL - 115

SP - E8707-E8716

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 37

ER -

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