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Study and Suppression of Multipath Signals in a Non-Invasive Millimeter Wave Transmission Glucose Sensing System

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Maria Koutsoupidou, Helena Cano-Garcia, Roberto L. Pricci, Shimul C. Saha, George Palikaras, Efthymios Kallos, Panagiotis Kosmas


King's Authors


Electromagnetic (EM) biomedical sensors in the mm-wave frequency range must detect small changes in signals in the presence of tissues, which are correlated to a pathological condition. These signals, however, can suffer from artifacts due to complex EM wave interactions such as diffraction and surface wave propagation, which are often overlooked in the design phase of these sensors. This paper studies the impact of these wave phenomena on the signals transmitted and received from a pair of antennas designed to sense glucose changes via changes in transmission through a sample. Numerical simulations and controlled experiments with glucose solutions demonstrate for the first time that unwanted signal contributions from mm surface waves along the tissue can dominate the received signals but can be reduced with the use of appropriately placed absorbers around the antenna sensors. As a result, the sensitivity of such a sensing system to glucose changes is increased. This finding can be very useful in the design and development of the glucose sensor under study, as well as for other EM-based diagnostic medical applications.

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