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Study of the process e+e- →π+π-π0 using initial state radiation with BABAR

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(BABAR Collaboration), J. P. Lees, V. Poireau, V. Tisserand, E. Grauges, A. Palano, G. Eigen, D. N. Brown, Yu G. Kolomensky, M. Fritsch, H. Koch, T. Schroeder, R. Cheaib, C. Hearty, T. S. Mattison, J. A. McKenna, R. Y. So, V. E. Blinov, A. R. Buzykaev, V. P. Druzhinin & 31 more V. B. Golubev, E. A. Kozyrev, E. A. Kravchenko, A. P. Onuchin, S. I. Serednyakov, Yu I. Skovpen, E. P. Solodov, K. Yu Todyshev, A. J. Lankford, B. Dey, J. W. Gary, O. Long, A. M. Eisner, W. S. Lockman, W. Panduro Vazquez, D. S. Chao, C. H. Cheng, B. Echenard, K. T. Flood, D. G. Hitlin, J. Kim, Y. Li, D. X. Lin, S. Middleton, T. S. Miyashita, P. Ongmongkolkul, J. Oyang, F. C. Porter, M. Röhrken, F. Di Lodovico, J. R. Wilson

Original languageEnglish
Article number112003
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume104
Issue number11
DOIs
Published1 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: We thank V. L. Chernyak for useful discussions. We are grateful for the extraordinary contributions of our PEP-II colleagues in achieving the excellent luminosity and machine conditions that have made this work possible. The success of this project also relies critically on the expertise and dedication of the computing organizations that support BABAR. The collaborating institutions wish to thank SLAC for its support and the kind hospitality extended to them. This work is supported by the US Department of Energy and National Science Foundation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada), the Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique and Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France), the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany), the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy), the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (The Netherlands), the Research Council of Norway, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (Spain), and the Science and Technology Facilities Council (United Kingdom). Individuals have received support from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grant No. 20-02-00060), the Marie-Curie IEF program (European Union), the A. P. Sloan Foundation (USA) and the Binational Science Foundation (USA-Israel). Publisher Copyright: © 2021 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

King's Authors

Abstract

The process e+e-→π+π-π0γ is studied at a center-of-mass energy near the D(4S) resonance using a data sample of 469 fb-1 collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II collider. We have performed a precise measurement of the e+e-→π+π-π0 cross section in the center-of-mass energy range from 0.62 to 3.5 GeV. In the energy regions of the ω and φ resonances, the cross section is measured with a systematic uncertainty of 1.3%. The leading-order hadronic contribution to the muon magnetic anomaly calculated using the measured e+e-→π+π-π0 cross section from threshold to 2.0 GeV is (45.86±0.14±0.58)×10-10. From the fit to the measured 3π mass spectrum we have determined the resonance parameters Γ(ω→e+e-)B(ω→π+π-π0)=(0.5698±0.0031±0.0082) keV, Γ(φ→e+e-)B(φ→π+π-π0)=(0.1841±0.0021±0.0080) keV, and B(ρ→3π)=(0.88±0.23±0.30)×10-4. The significance of the ρ→3π signal is greater than 6σ. For the J/ψ resonance we have measured the product Γ(J/ψ→e+e-)B(J/ψ→3π)=(0.1248±0.0019±0.0026) keV.

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