Sub-diffraction error mapping for localisation microscopy images

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Assessing the quality of localisation microscopy images is highly challenging due to the difficulty in reliably detecting errors in experimental data. The most common failure modes are the biases and errors produced by the localisation algorithm when there is emitter overlap. Also known as the high density or crowded field condition, significant emitter overlap is normally unavoidable in live cell imaging. Here we use Haar wavelet kernel analysis (HAWK), a localisation microscopy data analysis method which is known to produce results without bias, to generate a reference image. This enables mapping and quantification of reconstruction bias and artefacts common in all but low emitter density data. By avoiding comparisons involving intensity information, we can map structural artefacts in a way that is not adversely influenced by nonlinearity in the localisation algorithm. The HAWK Method for the Assessment of Nanoscopy (HAWKMAN) is a general approach which allows for the reliability of localisation information to be assessed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Communications
Early online date23 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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