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Supersymmetric phases of 4d N = 4 SYM at large N

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Original languageEnglish
Article number184
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2020
Issue number9
DOIs
Published1 Sep 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

We find a family of complex saddle-points at large N of the matrix model for the superconformal index of SU(N) N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory on S3× S1 with one chemical potential τ. The saddle-point configurations are labelled by points (m, n) on the lattice Λτ = ℤτ + ℤ with gcd(m, n) = 1. The eigenvalues at a given saddle are uniformly distributed along a string winding (m, n) times along the (A, B) cycles of the torus ℂ/Λτ. The action of the matrix model extended to the torus is closely related to the Bloch-Wigner elliptic dilogarithm, and the related Bloch formula allows us to calculate the action at the saddle-points in terms of real-analytic Eisenstein series. The actions of (0, 1) and (1, 0) agree with that of pure AdS5 and the supersymmetric AdS5 black hole, respectively. The black hole saddle dominates the canonical ensemble when τ is close to the origin, and there are new saddles that dominate when τ approaches rational points. The extension of the action in terms of modular forms leads to a simple treatment of the Cardy-like limit τ → 0.

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