Supersymmetric phases of 4d N = 4 SYM at large N

Alejandro Cabo-Bizet, Sameer Murthy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
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We find a family of complex saddle-points at large N of the matrix model for the superconformal index of SU(N) N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory on S3× S1 with one chemical potential τ. The saddle-point configurations are labelled by points (m, n) on the lattice Λτ = ℤτ + ℤ with gcd(m, n) = 1. The eigenvalues at a given saddle are uniformly distributed along a string winding (m, n) times along the (A, B) cycles of the torus ℂ/Λτ. The action of the matrix model extended to the torus is closely related to the Bloch-Wigner elliptic dilogarithm, and the related Bloch formula allows us to calculate the action at the saddle-points in terms of real-analytic Eisenstein series. The actions of (0, 1) and (1, 0) agree with that of pure AdS5 and the supersymmetric AdS5 black hole, respectively. The black hole saddle dominates the canonical ensemble when τ is close to the origin, and there are new saddles that dominate when τ approaches rational points. The extension of the action in terms of modular forms leads to a simple treatment of the Cardy-like limit τ → 0.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184
Pages (from-to)1-55
Number of pages56
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number9
Early online date29 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sept 2020


  • AdS-CFT Correspondence
  • Black Holes in String Theory
  • Supersymmetric Gauge Theory


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