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Synaptic Localisation of Tau

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSPRINGER
Pages105-112
Number of pages8
DOIs
Published1 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume1184
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019

King's Authors

Abstract

The microtubule-associated protein tau has been identified in several intraneuronal compartments, including in association with synapses. In Alzheimer’s disease, frontotemporal dementia and related tauopathies, highly phosphorylated tau accumulates as intraneuronal protein aggregates that are likely responsible for the demise of neurons and the subsequent progressive cognitive decline. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying such tau-mediated damage in the tauopathies is not fully understood. Tauopathy induces loss of synapses, which is one of the earliest structural correlates of cognitive dysfunction and disease progression. Notably, altered post-translational modifications of tau, including increased phosphorylation and acetylation, augment the mislocalisation of tau to synapses, impair synaptic vesicle release and might influence the activity-dependent release of tau from neurons. Thus, disease-associated accumulation of modified tau at the synapse adversely affects critical neuronal processes that are linked to neuronal activity and synaptic function. These findings emphasise the importance of gaining a comprehensive understanding of the diverse roles of tau at distinct intraneuronal locations. An improved knowledge of the impact of synaptic tau under physiological and pathological conditions and how tau localisation impacts on neuronal function will provide valuable insights that may lead to the development of new therapies for the tauopathies.

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