Synthesis and Preliminary Evaluation of a Polyolefin-based Core for Carrier-based Root Canal Obturation

Raghad Abdulrazzaq Alhashimi, Francesco Mannocci, Richard M. Foxton, Sanjukta Deb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Carrier-based gutta-percha is an effective method of root canal obturation creating a 3-dimensional filling; however, retrieval of the plastic carrier is relatively difficult, particularly with smaller sizes. The purpose of this study was to develop composite carriers consisting of polyethylene (PE), hydroxyapatite (HA), and strontium oxide (SrO) for carrier-based root canal obturation. 

Methods: Composite fibers of HA, PE, and SrO were fabricated in the shape of a carrier for delivering gutta-percha (GP) using a melt-extrusion process. The fibers were characterized using infrared spectroscopy and the thermal properties determined using differential scanning calorimetry. The elastic modulus and tensile strength tests were determined using a universal testing machine. The radiographic appearance was established using digital periapical radiographs. 

Results: The composite core carrier exhibited a melting point of 111 degrees C to 112 degrees C, which would facilitate removal by heat application. The elastic modulus and the tensile strength were found to be lower than those of Thermafil carriers (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK). The preliminary radiographic evaluation showed that the novel composite core carrier is sufficiently radiopaque and can be distinguished from gutta-percha. 

Conclusions: The PE-HA-SrO composites were successfully melt processed into composite core carriers for delivering gutta-percha into the root canal space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)983-986
Number of pages4
JournalJOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS
Volume38
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

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