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Systematic review of genetic association studies in people with Lewy body dementia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Hazel Sanghvi, Ricky Singh, Hamilton Morrin, Anto P. Rajkumar

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Objectives: Lewy body dementia (LBD) causes more morbidity, disability, and earlier mortality than Alzheimer disease. Molecular mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration in LBD are poorly understood. We aimed to do a systematic review of all genetic association studies that investigated people with LBD for improving our understanding of LBD molecular genetics and for facilitating discovery of novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets for LBD. Methods: We systematically reviewed five online databases (PROSPERO protocol: CRD42018087114) and completed the quality assessment using the quality of genetic association studies tool. Results: Eight thousand five hundred twenty-one articles were screened, and 75 articles were eligible to be included. Genetic associations of LBD with APOE, GBA, and SNCA variants have been replicated by two or more good quality studies. Our meta-analyses confirmed that APOE-ε4 is significantly associated with dementia with Lewy bodies (pooled odds ratio [POR] = 2.70; 95% CI, 2.37-3.07; P <.001) and Parkinson's disease dementia (POR = 1.60; 95% CI, 1.21-2.11; P =.001). Other reported genetic associations that need further replication include variants in A2M, BCHE-K, BCL7C, CHRFAM7A, CNTN1, ESR1, GABRB3, MAPT, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup H, NOS2A, PSEN1, SCARB2, TFAM, TREM2, and UCHL1. Conclusions: The reported genetic associations and their potential interactions indicate the importance of α-synuclein, amyloid, and tau pathology, autophagy lysosomal pathway, ubiquitin proteasome system, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction in LBD. There is a need for larger genome-wide association study (GWAS) for identifying more LBD-associated genes. Future hypothesis-driven studies should aim to replicate reported genetic associations of LBD and to explore their functional implications.

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