Systemic inflammatory markers and psychophysical olfactory scores in coronavirus disease 2019 patients: Is there any correlation?

L. A. Vaira*, A. De Vito, G. Deiana, C. Pes, F. Giovanditto, V. Fiore, J. R. Lechien, S. Saussez, D. Policicchio, R. Boccaletti, G. Madeddu, S. Babudieri, A. Pazzola, F. Bandiera, A. G. Fois, A. F. Piana, C. Hopkins, G. De Riu

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective To analyse the correlations between olfactory psychophysical scores and the serum levels of D-dimer, C-reactive protein, ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in coronavirus disease 2019 patients. Methods Patients underwent psychophysical olfactory assessment with the Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center test, and determination of blood serum levels of the inflammatory markers D-dimer, C-reactive protein, ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio within 10 days of the clinical onset of coronavirus disease 2019 and 60 days after. Results Seventy-seven patients were included in this study. D-dimer, procalcitonin, ferritin and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio correlated significantly with severe coronavirus disease 2019. No significant correlations were found between baseline and 60-day Connecticut Chemosensory Clinical Research Center test scores and the inflammatory markers assessed. Conclusion Olfactory disturbances appear to have little prognostic value in predicting the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 compared to D-dimer, ferritin, procalcitonin and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio. The lack of correlation between the severity and duration of olfactory disturbances and serum levels of inflammatory markers seems to further suggest that the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying the loss of smell in coronavirus disease 2019 patients are related to local rather than systemic inflammatory factors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)723-728
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Laryngology and Otology
    Volume135
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

    Keywords

    • Anosmia
    • C-Reactive Protein
    • Coronavirus
    • COVID-19
    • Ferritins
    • Fibrin Fragment D
    • Lactate Dehydrogenases
    • Procalcitonin
    • SARS-CoV
    • Smell

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