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Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing and Allele-Specific Quantitative PCR of Laser Capture Microdissected Samples Uncover Molecular Differences in Mixed Odontogenic Tumors

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Bruna Pizziolo Coura, Vanessa Fátima Bernardes, Sílvia Ferreira de Sousa, Marina Gonçalves Diniz, Rennan Garcias Moreira, Bruno Augusto Benevenuto de Andrade, Mario José Romañach, Helder Antônio Rebelo Pontes, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Edward William Odell, Carolina Cavalieri Gomes

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1393-1399
Number of pages7
JournalJOURNAL OF MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTICS
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
PublishedDec 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

The molecular pathogenesis of mixed odontogenic tumors has not been established, and understanding their genetic basis could refine their classification and help define molecular markers for diagnostic purposes. Potentially pathogenic mutations in the component tissues of 28 cases of mixed odontogenic tumors were assessed. Laser capture microdissected tissue from 10 ameloblastic fibromas (AF), 4 ameloblastic fibrodentinomas (AFD), 6 ameloblastic fibro-odontomas (AFO), 3 ameloblastic fibrosarcomas (AFS), and 5 odontomas (OD) were screened by next-generation sequencing and results confirmed by TaqMan allele-specific quantitative PCR. BRAF p.V600E mutation in the mesenchymal component was shown in 4 of 10 AF (40%), 2 of 4 AFD (50%), 2 of 6 AFO (33%), and 2 of 3 AFS (67%), whereas all 5 OD were wild type for BRAF p.V600E. Mutation in the epithelial component was only observed in one AF and one AFO. One AFS contained an area of benign AF, and the mesenchymal component of both (AFS and AF) contained BRAF p.V600E, supporting the concept of malignant progression from a benign AF precursor. KDR, TP53, KIT, and PIK3CA single-nucleotide polymorphisms are reported. In conclusion, AF, AFD, AFO, and AFS show BRAF p.V600E in their mesenchymal component, unlike OD, which are BRAF wild type, suggesting that at least a subset of AF, AFD, and AFO are molecularly distinct from OD, and may represent distinct entities and be neoplastic.

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