Targeting Amyloids with [18F]AV-45 for Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography Imaging: A Pilot Clinical Study

Chun Li, Pengxin Zhang, Ruirui Nie, Xiaoyan Gong, Jinghui Xie, Zilin Yu, Chengdong Wang, Hua Zhang, Ran Yan, Zhi Lu

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5 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a malignant neuroendocrine tumor with a high recurrence rate. Amyloid plaques formed from the misfolding of calcitonin are the key characteristics of MTC. Herein, we conducted a first-in-human pilot clinical study by applying a β-amyloid-specific radiotracer, [ F]AV-45, to positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging of MTC. The presence of amyloid plaques in the tumor tissue sections from five MTC patients was confirmed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Congo Red staining. [ F]AV-45 selectively accumulated in the amyloid plaques in the continued tumor tissue sections with similar distribution patterns to the H&E and Congo Red staining. In addition, the [ F]AV-45 uptake can be largely blocked by its nonradioactive reference compound. The [ F]AV-45 accumulation in the thyroid, neck lymph nodes, and muscles in healthy human subjects is close to the background indicated by PET/CT imaging. In the comparison PET/CT imaging study of a recurrent MTC patient, 2-deoxy-2-[ F]fluoro-d-glucose ([ F]FDG) showed an elevated uptake by multiple neck lymph nodes. In contrast, only one of these neck lymph nodes had increased [ F]AV-45 uptake. Postoperative histopathological analysis confirmed the [ F]AV-45 PET-positive lymph node as MTC with amyloid deposition, while other [ F]FDG positive lymph nodes were free from MTC and amyloid plaques. Thus, [ F]AV-45 showed the promise for the clinical PET/CT imaging of MTC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584-591
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Volume19
Issue number2
Early online date4 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Molecular Medicine

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