tDCS Regulates ASBT-3-OxoLCA-PLOD2-PTEN Signaling Pathway to Confer Neuroprotection Following Rat Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury

Xiangyi Kong, Xujin Yao, Jinyang Ren, Jingchen Gao, Yu Cui, Jiangdong Sun, Xiangyu Xu, Wenjie Hu, Hui Wang, Huanting Li, Oleg Glebov, Fengyuan Che*, Qi Wan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Humans exhibit a rich intestinal microbiome that contain high levels of bacteria capable of producing 3-oxo-lithocholic acid (3-oxoLCA) and other secondary bile acids (BAs). The molecular mechanism mediating the role of 3-oxoLCA in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unclear. We investigated the role of 3-oxoLCA in a rat cerebral I/R injury model. We found that the concentrations of 3-oxoLCA within the cerebrospinal fluid were increased following I/R. In the in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model, the levels of intraneuronal 3-oxoLCA was elevated following OGD insult. We showed that the increase of membrane ASBT (apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter) contributed to OGD-induced elevation of intraneuronal 3-oxoLCA. Increasing intraneuronal 3-oxoLCA promoted ischemia-induced neuronal death, whereas reducing 3-oxoLCA levels were neuroprotective. Our results revealed that PLOD2 (procollagen-lysine, 2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenases 2) functioned upstream of PTEN (the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10) and downstream of 3-oxoLCA to promote OGD-induced neuronal injury. We further demonstrated that direct-current stimulation (DCS) decreased the levels of intraneuronal 3-oxoLCA and membrane ASBT in OGD-insulted neurons, while bilateral transcranial DCS (tDCS) reduced brain infarct volume following I/R by inhibiting ASBT. Together, these data suggest that increased expression of ASBT promotes neuronal death via 3-oxoLCA-PLOD2-PTEN signaling pathway. Importantly, bilateral tDCS suppresses ischemia-induced increase of ASBT, thereby conferring neuroprotection after cerebral I/R injury.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6715-6730
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
Volume60
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2023

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