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Television in a child's bedroom - a possible risk factor for expressive language impairment in 5-and 6-year-old children

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

R von Kries, W von Suchodoletz, J Stranger, A M Toschke

Translated title of the contributionTelevision in a child's bedroom - a possible risk factor for expressive language impairment in 5-and 6-year-old children
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)613 - 617
Number of pages5
JournalGesundheitswesen
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
PublishedOct 2006

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Research Groups

  • King's College London

Abstract

Objective: There are a number of established risk factors for expressive language-impairment. Does reading aloud with children reduce the risk? Are extensive TV viewing and a TV set in the child's bedroom associated with an increased risk in preschool kids? Patients and Methods: Testing for expressive language impairment was carried out as part of the school entrance health examinations in four Bavarian districts. Testing included: correct use of the plural, comparative/superlative forms, syntax, verb flexion and use of articles (a maximum of 5 mistakes could be made). Parents were asked to answer a questionnaire on a number of biographic, sociodemographic and lifestyle factors potentially related to expressive language impairment. Results: The participation rate in the 4 districts was 88.3% on average. Complete data were acquired for 3234 children. The prevalence for expressive language impairment (more than one mistake) was 12.2 (95% CI: 11.3-13.2%). Children who did not speak German predominantly at home were more often affected than children of German nationality: 44.4% (95% CI: 32.3-54.6%) versus 9.9% (95% CI: 8.9%-10.8%). Logistic regression analyses identified only a TV set in the child's bedroom as an independent risk factor for expressive language impairment: OR 1.82 (95% CI: 1.15-2.88). Conclusions: Possession of an own TV in a child's bedroom appears to be an important, independent risk factor for expressive language impairment in preschool children

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