The added value of periodontal measurements for identification of diabetes among Saudi adults

Arwa A. Talakey*, Francis Hughes, Hani Almoharib, Mansour Al-Askar, Eduardo Bernabé

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The aims of this study were to develop a prediction model for identification of individuals with diabetes based on clinical and perceived periodontal measurements; and to evaluate its added value when combined with standard diabetes screening tools. Methods: The study was carried out among 250 adults attending primary care clinics in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia). The study adopted a case-control approach, where diabetes status was first ascertained, and the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC), Canadian Diabetes Risk questionnaire (CANRISK), and periodontal examinations were carried out afterward. Results: A periodontal prediction model (PPM) including three periodontal indicators (missing teeth, percentage of sites with pocket probing depth ≥6 mm, and mean pocket probing depth) had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.694 (95% Confidence Interval: 0.612-0.776) and classified correctly 62.4% of participants. The FINDRISC and CANRISK tools had AUCs of 0.766 (95% CI: 0.690-0.843) and 0.821 (95% CI: 0.763-0.879), respectively. The addition of the PPM significantly improved the AUC of FINDRISC (P = 0.048) but not of CANRISK (P = 0.144), with 26.8% and 9.8% of participants correctly reclassified, respectively. Finally, decision curve analysis showed that adding the PPM to both tools would result in net benefits among patients with probability scores lower than 70%. Conclusions: This study showed that periodontal measurements could play a role in identifying individuals with diabetes, and that addition of clinical periodontal measurements improved the performance of FINDRISC and CANRISK.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020


  • Diabetes
  • periodontitis
  • risk factors


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