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The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity

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The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity. / Dioikitopoulos, Evangelos; Minos, Dimitrios; Vandoros, Sotirios.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 244, 112523, 01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Dioikitopoulos, E, Minos, D & Vandoros, S 2020, 'The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity', Social Science and Medicine, vol. 244, 112523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112523

APA

Dioikitopoulos, E., Minos, D., & Vandoros, S. (2020). The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity. Social Science and Medicine, 244, [112523]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112523

Vancouver

Dioikitopoulos E, Minos D, Vandoros S. The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity. Social Science and Medicine. 2020 Jan;244. 112523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112523

Author

Dioikitopoulos, Evangelos ; Minos, Dimitrios ; Vandoros, Sotirios. / The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity. In: Social Science and Medicine. 2020 ; Vol. 244.

Bibtex Download

@article{9576b717a17d496698b3020e840ea1cf,
title = "The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity",
abstract = "Previous research has shown that societies that historically focused on agricultural production demonstrate higher levels of long-term orientation. This suggests that the deep-rooted cultural origins of time preference may have a scarring impact on modern obesity rates through intergenerational transmission. We hypothesize that a historically long-term oriented culture could result in the behavioural choices of better diet and more exercise today, via the reinforced ability of individuals to delay gratification. Using a sample of 132 countries, we employ regression analysis to first estimate the historical determinants of time preference, and then examine the impact of long-term orientation on obesity. Controlling for other factors, we find that, on average, historically long-term oriented countries exhibit significantly lower obesity rates today. Results are robust to different methodological approaches and sensitivity analyses. Policies targeting obesity should consider those deep-rooted behavioural factors that can determine the differential response of individuals to policy instruments.",
keywords = "Agricultural origins, Long-term orientation, Obesity, Time preference",
author = "Evangelos Dioikitopoulos and Dimitrios Minos and Sotirios Vandoros",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112523",
language = "English",
volume = "244",
journal = "Social Science and Medicine",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The (Agri-)Cultural origins of obesity

AU - Dioikitopoulos, Evangelos

AU - Minos, Dimitrios

AU - Vandoros, Sotirios

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - Previous research has shown that societies that historically focused on agricultural production demonstrate higher levels of long-term orientation. This suggests that the deep-rooted cultural origins of time preference may have a scarring impact on modern obesity rates through intergenerational transmission. We hypothesize that a historically long-term oriented culture could result in the behavioural choices of better diet and more exercise today, via the reinforced ability of individuals to delay gratification. Using a sample of 132 countries, we employ regression analysis to first estimate the historical determinants of time preference, and then examine the impact of long-term orientation on obesity. Controlling for other factors, we find that, on average, historically long-term oriented countries exhibit significantly lower obesity rates today. Results are robust to different methodological approaches and sensitivity analyses. Policies targeting obesity should consider those deep-rooted behavioural factors that can determine the differential response of individuals to policy instruments.

AB - Previous research has shown that societies that historically focused on agricultural production demonstrate higher levels of long-term orientation. This suggests that the deep-rooted cultural origins of time preference may have a scarring impact on modern obesity rates through intergenerational transmission. We hypothesize that a historically long-term oriented culture could result in the behavioural choices of better diet and more exercise today, via the reinforced ability of individuals to delay gratification. Using a sample of 132 countries, we employ regression analysis to first estimate the historical determinants of time preference, and then examine the impact of long-term orientation on obesity. Controlling for other factors, we find that, on average, historically long-term oriented countries exhibit significantly lower obesity rates today. Results are robust to different methodological approaches and sensitivity analyses. Policies targeting obesity should consider those deep-rooted behavioural factors that can determine the differential response of individuals to policy instruments.

KW - Agricultural origins

KW - Long-term orientation

KW - Obesity

KW - Time preference

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112523

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112523

M3 - Article

VL - 244

JO - Social Science and Medicine

JF - Social Science and Medicine

M1 - 112523

ER -

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