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The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run

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The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run. / Vandoros, Sotirios; Avendano, Mauricio; Kawachi, Ichiro.

In: Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 220, 01.2019, p. 403-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Vandoros, S, Avendano, M & Kawachi, I 2019, 'The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run', Social Science & Medicine, vol. 220, pp. 403-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.035

APA

Vandoros, S., Avendano, M., & Kawachi, I. (2019). The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run. Social Science & Medicine, 220, 403-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.035

Vancouver

Vandoros S, Avendano M, Kawachi I. The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run. Social Science & Medicine. 2019 Jan;220:403-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.035

Author

Vandoros, Sotirios ; Avendano, Mauricio ; Kawachi, Ichiro. / The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run. In: Social Science & Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 220. pp. 403-410.

Bibtex Download

@article{cd0eb520d35147e5980fc8b817d97a06,
title = "The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run",
abstract = "RationalePrevious research has shown that uncertainty can affect mental health, and that unemployment and economic recessions are associated with increased suicide rates.ObjectiveThe objective of this article was to examine whether daily fluctuations in economic uncertainty can result in short-term spikes in the number of suicides. While existing evidence has focused on medium- and long-term effects of economic conditions on suicide, this study examined immediate daily deviations from the background general trend.MethodsWe used daily suicide data from England and Wales that were matched to a daily economic policy uncertainty index over the period 2001–2015. We followed an econometric approach to examine the impact of uncertainty on suicides, controlling for unemployment rates.ResultsWe found that a spike in daily economic uncertainty leads to an immediate, yet short-lived, impact on suicides. A one-day lag also has a positive effect, but there is no effect on subsequent days. The impact appears to be stronger for males than for females. Results are robust to different empirical approaches and model specifications.ConclusionsOverall, our study suggests that economic uncertainty may lead to an increase in the risk of suicide. This immediate effect indicates that uncertainty acts as a trigger, and is unlikely to be the sole cause of suicide, which reflects existing evidence on the impulsive nature of some suicides. This highlights the need to reduce {\textquoteleft}access to means{\textquoteright}, and the importance of the timing of suicide prevention measures.",
keywords = "Daily variation, Economic uncertainty, Suicide",
author = "Sotirios Vandoros and Mauricio Avendano and Ichiro Kawachi",
year = "2019",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.035",
language = "English",
volume = "220",
pages = "403--410",
journal = "Social Science & Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association between economic uncertainty and suicide in the short-run

AU - Vandoros, Sotirios

AU - Avendano, Mauricio

AU - Kawachi, Ichiro

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - RationalePrevious research has shown that uncertainty can affect mental health, and that unemployment and economic recessions are associated with increased suicide rates.ObjectiveThe objective of this article was to examine whether daily fluctuations in economic uncertainty can result in short-term spikes in the number of suicides. While existing evidence has focused on medium- and long-term effects of economic conditions on suicide, this study examined immediate daily deviations from the background general trend.MethodsWe used daily suicide data from England and Wales that were matched to a daily economic policy uncertainty index over the period 2001–2015. We followed an econometric approach to examine the impact of uncertainty on suicides, controlling for unemployment rates.ResultsWe found that a spike in daily economic uncertainty leads to an immediate, yet short-lived, impact on suicides. A one-day lag also has a positive effect, but there is no effect on subsequent days. The impact appears to be stronger for males than for females. Results are robust to different empirical approaches and model specifications.ConclusionsOverall, our study suggests that economic uncertainty may lead to an increase in the risk of suicide. This immediate effect indicates that uncertainty acts as a trigger, and is unlikely to be the sole cause of suicide, which reflects existing evidence on the impulsive nature of some suicides. This highlights the need to reduce ‘access to means’, and the importance of the timing of suicide prevention measures.

AB - RationalePrevious research has shown that uncertainty can affect mental health, and that unemployment and economic recessions are associated with increased suicide rates.ObjectiveThe objective of this article was to examine whether daily fluctuations in economic uncertainty can result in short-term spikes in the number of suicides. While existing evidence has focused on medium- and long-term effects of economic conditions on suicide, this study examined immediate daily deviations from the background general trend.MethodsWe used daily suicide data from England and Wales that were matched to a daily economic policy uncertainty index over the period 2001–2015. We followed an econometric approach to examine the impact of uncertainty on suicides, controlling for unemployment rates.ResultsWe found that a spike in daily economic uncertainty leads to an immediate, yet short-lived, impact on suicides. A one-day lag also has a positive effect, but there is no effect on subsequent days. The impact appears to be stronger for males than for females. Results are robust to different empirical approaches and model specifications.ConclusionsOverall, our study suggests that economic uncertainty may lead to an increase in the risk of suicide. This immediate effect indicates that uncertainty acts as a trigger, and is unlikely to be the sole cause of suicide, which reflects existing evidence on the impulsive nature of some suicides. This highlights the need to reduce ‘access to means’, and the importance of the timing of suicide prevention measures.

KW - Daily variation

KW - Economic uncertainty

KW - Suicide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057848522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.035

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.11.035

M3 - Article

VL - 220

SP - 403

EP - 410

JO - Social Science & Medicine

JF - Social Science & Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

ER -

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