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The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. / Rowland, Jennifer; Wilson, Claire.

In: Nature Scientific Reports, Vol. 11, No. 1, 5136, 04.03.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Rowland, J & Wilson, C 2021, 'The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis', Nature Scientific Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 5136. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84573-3

APA

Rowland, J., & Wilson, C. (2021). The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nature Scientific Reports, 11(1), [5136]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84573-3

Vancouver

Rowland J, Wilson C. The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nature Scientific Reports. 2021 Mar 4;11(1). 5136. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84573-3

Author

Rowland, Jennifer ; Wilson, Claire. / The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis. In: Nature Scientific Reports. 2021 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.

Bibtex Download

@article{17175f18a65242468c1d6df785a618b2,
title = "The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "There is growing evidence for a role of maternal diabetes in the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the specific association between gestational diabetes (GDM), as opposed to pre-gestational diabetes, has been poorly isolated. Thus the aim was to systematically review and meta-analyse literature pertaining to prevalence and risk for two neurodevelopmental disorders: autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), when exposed to GDM. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were systematically searched for eligible literature, with forward and backward citation tracking. Screening for eligibility, risk of bias assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. 18 studies measuring ASD and 15 measuring ADHD met inclusion criteria. On meta-analysis there was an increased risk of ASD (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.22, 1.65) but not ADHD (OR 1.01; 95% CI 0.79, 1.28). We discuss potential mechanisms for these differing risks. Greater understanding of risk factors, including GDM, for these neurodevelopmental disorders and potential mechanisms may help inform strategies aimed at prevention of exposure to these adversities during pregnancy.",
author = "Jennifer Rowland and Claire Wilson",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-021-84573-3",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Nature Scientific Reports",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association between gestational diabetes and ASD and ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Rowland, Jennifer

AU - Wilson, Claire

PY - 2021/3/4

Y1 - 2021/3/4

N2 - There is growing evidence for a role of maternal diabetes in the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the specific association between gestational diabetes (GDM), as opposed to pre-gestational diabetes, has been poorly isolated. Thus the aim was to systematically review and meta-analyse literature pertaining to prevalence and risk for two neurodevelopmental disorders: autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), when exposed to GDM. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were systematically searched for eligible literature, with forward and backward citation tracking. Screening for eligibility, risk of bias assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. 18 studies measuring ASD and 15 measuring ADHD met inclusion criteria. On meta-analysis there was an increased risk of ASD (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.22, 1.65) but not ADHD (OR 1.01; 95% CI 0.79, 1.28). We discuss potential mechanisms for these differing risks. Greater understanding of risk factors, including GDM, for these neurodevelopmental disorders and potential mechanisms may help inform strategies aimed at prevention of exposure to these adversities during pregnancy.

AB - There is growing evidence for a role of maternal diabetes in the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the specific association between gestational diabetes (GDM), as opposed to pre-gestational diabetes, has been poorly isolated. Thus the aim was to systematically review and meta-analyse literature pertaining to prevalence and risk for two neurodevelopmental disorders: autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), when exposed to GDM. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL were systematically searched for eligible literature, with forward and backward citation tracking. Screening for eligibility, risk of bias assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent reviewers. 18 studies measuring ASD and 15 measuring ADHD met inclusion criteria. On meta-analysis there was an increased risk of ASD (OR 1.42; 95% CI 1.22, 1.65) but not ADHD (OR 1.01; 95% CI 0.79, 1.28). We discuss potential mechanisms for these differing risks. Greater understanding of risk factors, including GDM, for these neurodevelopmental disorders and potential mechanisms may help inform strategies aimed at prevention of exposure to these adversities during pregnancy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85102047761&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-021-84573-3

DO - 10.1038/s41598-021-84573-3

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Nature Scientific Reports

JF - Nature Scientific Reports

IS - 1

M1 - 5136

ER -

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