The Biological Perspective in Entrepreneurship Research

Nicos Nicolaou, Phil Phan, Ute Stephan

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

28 Citations (Scopus)
283 Downloads (Pure)


The past decade has experienced a significant increase in the number of papers on the biology of entrepreneurship. This trend is aligned with the general interest in the biology of management studies as evidenced by the more than 300 articles already published (Nofal et al., 2018). It illustrates the progression of science along two dimensions. First is the drive to seek smaller units of analyses to identify the core mechanisms of action. Second is the opposing drive to seek larger units of analyses to identify general principles. These simultaneous processes move our understanding of social and natural phenomena closer to a unified theory. In this editorial, we reflect on how the biology of why, how, what, when, and where of entrepreneurship represents a natural progression from the institutional, organizational, and psychological explanations. We call this the biological perspective in entrepreneurship (BPE), which is illustrated by the papers in this volume. We examine the key domains of inquiry, various methodologies, and reflect on the directions that future research should take.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-17
Number of pages15
JournalEntrepreneurship: Theory and Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • biology
  • genetics
  • neurodevelopmental conditions
  • neuroscience
  • physiology


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